At the very least, it allowed him to present himself as a conventionally heterosexual man despite his feminine skill set. Beginning with the founding of the profession in the late s and continuing into the post-September 11 era, Plane Queer examines the history of men who joined workplaces customarily identified as female-oriented. The steward's appeal was very much grounded in a social milieu peculiar to the s and s urban elite. Applicants had to prove they had connections within the airline to vouch for their character and declare if they had seen any tendencies towards homosexuality. Regarding flight attendants, I add one important element to Kathleen Barry's work stressing the feminization of the career in the s: Labor Relations Board and won a settlement against United in arbitration, forcing the airlines to treat people living with HIV the same way they did employees with other illnesses like epilepsy or cancer.
But for the first time in the United States, a person living with HIV had re-gained his right to work.
The History Of The Homosexual Flight Attendant
By emphasizing that the flight attendants were led by two World War I flying aces, Captain Eddie Rickenbacker and Walter Avery, the article cast stewards as the loyal foot soldiers of distinguished military men. You will have the same chances of promotion but-don't use your sex as an excuse. They fulfilled all the duties of their male counterparts, including loading mailbags into the plane's cargo hold, rowing passengers to the docks, and handling customs forms. At the end of World War II, the civil aviation industry changed dramatically. The sexual history of stewards and stewardesses on planes was quite a different story. Also overlooked were the Pan Am and Eastern stewards hired before the war, some of whom continued to live-and even work-for several more decades. For Liberation and in Solidarity:
And only men were expected to be daring enough to fly on airplanes, much less be gainfully employed by the few corporations willing to pay for plane tickets. The character bore the brunt of jokes from his more masculine engineer and pilot colleagues. In the nineteenth century, something happened in our Western World, and he gave up his gay dress without a struggle. Indeed, the DC-3 dominated the skies for the next two decades, becoming the workhorse for the world's major airlines well into the s and serving as the preferred transport plane for the Allied militaries in World War II. Stewards' white skin was an essential physical trait that reinforced their softness, or, if you will, their "gayness. The airlines saw an influx of "gay" culture from two different sources.